Oppositional Defiant Disorder - ODD

Table of Contents

About Us

Michelle Barratt Psychology is a Toowong and Redland Bay / Wynnum – Manly Clinical Psychology Practice, and aims to provide treatment for Oppositional Defiant Disorder – ODD in Brisbane at the highest standard. The practice values implementing support and treatment that not only endeavours to support their clients feel safe, heard and understood, but also strives to offer effective treatment that will empower clients to learn new skills to support them in the future. If you are unsure about what you are dealing with, please don’t hesitate to contact us to support you through the next step of either working out what to do or how to proceed with an appointment.

Characteristics of ODD

Unlike the challenging of authority figures that is more common in adolescence, ODD emerges earlier – usually before age 8 years.
ODD is characterised by the frequent occurrence of at least four of the following behaviours:
● Losing temper
● Often arguing with adults
● Often actively defying or refusing to comply with the requests
● or rules of adults
● Often deliberately doing things that will annoy people
● Often blaming others for his or her mistakes or behaviour
● Is often touchy or easily annoyed by others
● Is often angry and resentful
● Is often spiteful and vindictive
Please note that these behaviours need to exist for a number of months and the disturbance of their behaviours causes severe (clinically) significant problems (impairment) in social, academic, and occupational functioning.

Criteria for ODD

For ODD, there are behavioural (such as arguments) as well as emotional (such as angry) symptoms. Unfortunately, there is some evidence to support the idea that ODD’s behavioural and emotional symptoms can help predict later disruptive/externalizing illnesses. However, ODD’s emotional symptoms may also be particularly helpful in predicting internalising problems (Stringaris & Goodman, 2009).

Other behaviours the child can exhibit as they get older may be that they have they have:

  • Fights
  • Temper Tantrums
  • Disobedient
  • Destructive
  • Impertinent
  • Uncooperative
  • Stealing
  • Lying

Since oppositional behaviour is a common transient characteristic of some developmental stages (such as preschool and adolescence), many parents will occasionally observe the behaviours mentioned above in their children. Oppositional behaviour can also be made worse by unexpected change or stressors that persist for a long time.

Parents must recognise that a clinical evaluation is necessary to screen for additional reasons of the behaviours, including as anxiety, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and communication difficulties, and must refrain from self-diagnosing their children.

Research for ODD shows

Research has indicated that some causes of ODD are..

Although the exact causes of ODD are unknown, there are certain familial patterns because the illness is more prevalent in families where at least one parent has a history of depression, anxiety, ODD, conduct disorder, ADHD, personality disorders, or substance abuse. It occurs more frequently in families when there are issues with the bond between the parents. According to some studies, an infant’s temperament may include traits like being hard to calm down or being overly reactive.

Due to the fact that the start of this behaviour can be slow and that symptoms frequently manifest at home before extending to the school and other settings, it is common for parents to one day just not comprehend where their child’s behaviour is coming from.

When the behaviour starts to spread to other areas of their child’s life, many parents seek psychological support. But more often than not, the severity of the behaviour is so detrimental that controlling the symptoms and the parents’ reactions have devolved into a vicious cycle in which the child’s defiance, bickering, and anger incite corresponding feelings in their caregivers, depriving both parties of the means to resolve the issues. Sometimes the cause of the development of ODD is still unknown, and it is more beneficial to concentrate on finding solutions during treatment rather than trying to identify the cause.

Treatment for ODD

Families are essential to ODD therapy success. By reviewing the parent’s present parenting style and contrasting it with techniques and approaches that have been shown to be effective in modifying ODD, therapy can assist parents who are having difficulty managing a kid with the disorder. To guarantee that the kid’s emotional needs are addressed within a framework of firm but loving boundaries and routines that promote predictability, safety, and security, a strategy can be jointly developed by the therapist, parents, and child depending on the strengths of each family system. ​

Early infancy can be a time of onset for oppositional defiant disorder, with disruptive behaviours being the main problem. The behaviour of children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is typically characterised by a pattern of negativistic, hostile, defiant, disruptive, disobedient, and hostile behaviour towards authority figures that is clearly outside the normal range of behaviour for a child of the same age in the same sociocultural context and which excludes the more serious violations of others’ rights associated with conduct disorder.

Persistence of behaviours

The negative behaviour normally persists for at least 6 months.Children and adolescents are often stubborn, do not comply with requests or directions, and in a variety of ways exhibit oppositional behaviour. However, when the negative behaviour appears to be beyond that of norm of what society/parents/peers and teachers would expect, and persist for many months at a time, most clinicians hear complaints that often describe

  • Preschool aged children to hit, kick, or bite other children
  • From early school years through middle school children may engage in various forms of aggression and bullying and authority non-compliance.
  • Adolescents can engage in dangerous, impulsive, non-compliant behaviours that not only endanger themselves but others.

Author: Michelle Barratt

Contact Us – Email Form Below

Email Contact Form

Please be advised that you’ll receive a response within 24 to 48 hours

If in Crisis please call 000

Email Contact Form

Please be advised that you’ll receive a response within 24 to 48 hours

If in Crisis please call 000